Much progress has been made in building tools for creating web archives, setting standards for web archiving, and building best practices for preserving web archives. IIPC has been instrumental in this advance. Considerably less attention has been paid to the full range of objectives that will be served by web archives. There is a shared assumption across the digital collections community that preserving and maintaining a record of the web is an important task. However, there is a need for a clearer understanding of the potential types of research that could be done using web archives. Otherwise, archives might not be fit for purpose, with the right tools available and usable. This project produced a white paper, which was delivered at the annual International Internet Preservation Consortium (IIPC), and a workshop discussing steps forward.